Credit cardÂ billsÂ can be confusing. If everything was straightforward and clear,Â credit cardÂ debtÂ wouldn’t be such a big issue. But it’s not clear, and debt is a massive issue for millions of consumers.Â
One of the most confusing aspects is theÂ minimum payment, with few consumers understanding how this works, how much damage (if any) it does to theirÂ credit score, and why it’s important to pay more than the minimum.
We’ll address all of those things and more in this guide, looking at howÂ minimumÂ credit cardÂ paymentsÂ can impact yourÂ FICOÂ scoreÂ and yourÂ credit report.
What is aÂ Credit CardÂ Minimum Payment?
TheÂ minimum paymentÂ is the lowest amount you need to pay during any given month. It’s often fixed as a fraction of yourÂ total balanceÂ and includes fees and interest. Â
If you fail to make thisÂ minimum payment, you may be hit withÂ late feesÂ and if you still haven’t paid after 30 days, your creditor will report your activity to the majorÂ credit bureausÂ and yourÂ credit scoreÂ will take a hit.
When this happens, you could lose up to 100 points and gain a derogatory mark that remains on yourÂ credit reportÂ for up to 7 years.Â MakingÂ minimum paymentsÂ will not result in a derogatory mark, but it can indirectly affect yourÂ credit scoreÂ and we’ll discuss that a little later.
Firstly, it’s important to understand why you’re being asked to pay aÂ minimum amountÂ and how you can avoid it.
How Much is aÂ MinimumÂ Credit CardÂ Payment?
Prior to 2004,Â monthly paymentsÂ could be as low as 2% of the balance. This caused all kinds of problems as most of yourÂ monthly paymentÂ is interest and will, therefore, inflate every month so that every time you reduce the balance it grows back.Â
Regulators forced a change when they realized that some users were being locked into a cycle ofÂ credit cardÂ debt, one that could see them repaying thousands more than the balance and taking many years to repay in full.
These days, a minimum payment must be at least 1% of the balance plus all interest and fees that have accumulated during that month, ensuring the balance decreases by at least 1% if only theÂ minimum paymentÂ is met.
Do I Need to Make theÂ Minimum Payment?
If you have a rolling balance, you need to make the minimumÂ monthly paymentÂ to avoid derogatory marks. If you fail to do so and keep missing those payments, your account will eventually default and cause all kinds of issues.
However, you can avoid theÂ minimum paymentÂ by clearing your balance in full.
Let’s assume that you have a brand-newÂ creditÂ cardÂ and you spend $2,000 in the first billing cycle. In the next cycle, you will be required to pay this balance in full. However, you will also be offered aÂ minimum payment, which will likely be anywhere from $30 to $100. If this is all that you pay, the issuer will start charging you interest on your balance and your problems will begin.
If you spend $2,000 in the next billing cycle, you have just doubled your debt (minus whatever principal theÂ minimum paymentÂ cleared) and your problems.
This is a cycle that many consumers get locked into. They do what they can to pay off their balance in full, but then they have a difficult month and thatÂ minimum paymentÂ begins to look very tempting. They convince themselves that one month won’t hurt and they’ll repay the balance in full next month, but by that point they’ve spent more, it has grown more, and they just don’t have the funds.
To avoid falling into this trap, try the following tips:
Only Spend What You Have:Â AÂ credit cardÂ should be used to spend money you have now or will have in the future. Don’t spend in the hope you’ll somehow come into some money before the billing period ends and theÂ credit cardÂ balanceÂ rolls over.
Get an IntroductoryÂ Interest Rate:Â ManyÂ credit cardÂ issuersÂ offer a 0% intro APR for a fixed period of time, allowing you to accumulate debt without interest. This can help if you need to make some essential purchases, but it’s important not to abuse this as you’ll still need to clear theÂ full balanceÂ before the intro period ends.
Use aÂ Balance Transfer:Â If you’re in too deep and the intro rate is coming to an end, consider aÂ balance transfer credit card. These cards allow you to move yourÂ full balanceÂ from one card (or cards) to another, taking advantage of yet another 0% APR and essentially extending the one you have.
Pay the Minimum:Â If you can’t pay the balance in full, make sure you at least pay the minimum. AÂ missed paymentÂ orÂ late paymentÂ can incur fees and may hurt yourÂ credit score.Â
Why Pay More Than the Minimum?
You may have heard experts recommending that you pay more than the minimum every month, but why? If you’re locked into a cycle ofÂ credit cardÂ debt, it can seem counterproductive. After all, if you have a debt of $10,000 that’s costing you $400 a month, what’s the point of taking an extra $100 out of your budget?
Your interest and fees are covered by yourÂ minimum paymentÂ and account for a sizeable percentage of thatÂ minimum payment. By adding just 50% more, you could be doubling and even tripling the amount of the principal that you repay every month.
What’s more, your interest accumulates every single day and this interest compounds. Imagine, for instance, that you have a balance of $10,000 today and with interest, this grows to $10,040. The next day, the interest will be calculated based on that $10,040 figure, which means it could grow to $10,081, which will then become the new balance for the next day.Â
This continues every single day, and the larger your balance is, the more interest will compound and the greater theÂ amount will be dueÂ over the term. By paying more than yourÂ minimum paymentÂ when you can, you’re reducing the balance and slowing things down.
Does Paying the Minimum Hurt MyÂ Credit Score?
Paying theÂ minimum amountÂ every month ensures you are doing the bare minimum to avoid hurting yourÂ credit historyÂ or accumulating fees. However, it can indirectly reduce your score via yourÂ credit utilizationÂ ratio.
YourÂ creditÂ utilizationÂ ratioÂ is a score that compares theÂ credit limitÂ of allÂ availableÂ creditÂ cardsÂ to the total debt on those cards. It accounts for 30% of yourÂ credit scoreÂ and is, therefore, a very important aspect of theÂ credit scoringÂ process.
The moreÂ credit cardÂ debtÂ you accumulate, the lower yourÂ credit utilizationÂ rateÂ will be and the more your score will be impacted. If you only pay the minimum, this rate will become stagnant and may take years to improve. By increasing theÂ payment amount, however, you can bring that ratio down and improve yourÂ credit score.
You can calculate yourÂ credit utilizationÂ score by adding together theÂ totalÂ amountÂ ofÂ creditÂ limitsÂ and debts and then comparing the latter to the former. A combinedÂ credit limitÂ of $10,000 and a balance of $5,000, for instance, would equate to a 50% ratio, which is on the high side.
CanÂ Credit CardÂ Fees Hurt MyÂ Credit Score?
As withÂ interest charges,Â credit cardÂ fees will not directly reduce your score but may have an indirect effect. Cash advance fees, for instance, can be substantial, with manyÂ credit cardÂ companiesÂ (includingÂ Capital One) charging 3% with a $10 minimum charge. This means that every time you withdraw cash, you’re paying at least $10, even if you’re only withdrawing $10.
What many consumers don’t realize is that these fees are also charged every time you buy casino chips or pay for some other form of gambling, and every time you purchase money orders and other cash products.Â
Along with foreign transaction fees and penalty fees, these can increase your balance and yourÂ minimum payment, making it harder to make onÂ time paymentsÂ and thus increasing the risk of aÂ late payment.
Does Paying the Minimum Hurt Your Credit Score is a post from Pocket Your Dollars.
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Take a moment. Think about being your best self â living your best life.
What do you really want to do with your life? Raise a happy family? Travel the world? Buy a nice house? Start your own business?
Reality check: To accomplish any of those things, youâre going to need to know how to save money.
Unfortunately, Americans are bad at saving money, and weâre getting worse. Thanks to rising costs, stagnant salaries and student loan debt, weâre saving less than ever.
Table of ContentsÂ
Step 1: Develop Savings Goals and Strategies
Step 2: Pick Budgeting and Debt Repayment Methods
Step 3: Choose a Financial Institution and Accounts
Step 4: Automate Your Finances
Step 5: Establish a Budget-Conscious Lifestyle
Step 6: Make More Money
Here Are Our Best Tips to Save Money
Are you ready to actually start saving money? What youâre reading is a step-by-step guide on how to do it â how to come up with savings strategies, choose a budgeting method, pick the right financial institution, automate your finances and live a budget-conscious lifestyle.
Pour yourself a cup of coffee and buckle up. Itâs time to get serious about this.
Step 1: Develop Savings Goals and Strategies
Youâre probably asking yourself, âHow much should I save?â
Your first move is to set specific savings goals for yourself â emphasis on specific. Naming your goals will make them more real to you. Itâll help you resist the temptation to spend your money on other stuff.
Think Long Term and Short Term
What exactly do you want to save money for? How much will you need to save? And what do you need to save for first? Think short- and long-term:
Short-term: Save for a real vacation or nice holiday gifts. But first, save enough to have a decent emergency fund â three to six monthsâ worth of living expenses, in case you run into an unexpected car-repair bill or lose your job, for example.
Long-term: This involves big-picture thinking. Here, youâre saving money for things like your childrenâs college fund or for your retirement plan.
Analyze Your Income
How much can you realistically save for these goals, now that youâre making them a priority?
Write down your income and expenses â all of your expenses, from utility bills to your Netflix subscription.Â There are probably more ways to save money than you realize. Donât forget your student loans or credit card debt. Make sure you know what youâre spending in every budget category. Pay special attention to what youâre spending on non-essentials, such as eating out.
An easy way to automate this process is to use Trim, a little bot thatâll keep track of all your transactions.
Connect your checking account, credit card and savings account for a big-picture look at your spending habits. Then, take a closer look by checking out each of your transactions. Set alerts thatâll let you know when bills are due, when youâve hit a spending cap or when youâve (hopefully not) overdrafted. This will help you stick with your savings plan.
Check in on Your Credit
Do your own credit check. Keeping tabs on your credit score and your credit reports can help guide you to a financially healthier life â especially if you use a free credit-monitoring service like Credit Sesame. It gives you personalized suggestions for improving your credit.
The better your credit, the better off youâll be when youâre getting a home or car loan. Credit Sesame can estimate how big a mortgage you might qualify for, for example.
Hereâs our ultimate guide to using Credit Sesame.
Step 2: Pick Budgeting and Debt Repayment Methods
Itâs time to start making a monthly budget and sticking to it â especially if you have debt.
This way, you can put savings right into your budget. Itâs never an afterthought.
Here are five different budgeting methods. We canât tell you which one to choose. Be honest with yourself, and choose the one you think is most likely to work for you. This is how to save money on a tight budget.
The 50/30/20 Rule
This one was popularized by U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a bankruptcy expert, and her business-executive daughter Amelia Warren Tyagi.
Split your income into three spending categories: 50% goes to essential bills and monthly expenses, 20% toward financial goals and 30% to personal spending (all the stuff you like to spend money on but donât really need). Put the money earmarked for your financial goals into a separate savings account.
Good for: People who worry they wonât have a life if theyâre on a budget. Hereâs our complete guide to 50/30/20 budgeting.
So-called envelope budgeting is traditionally a cash-only budget. Every month, you use cash for different categories of spending, and you keep that cash for each category in separate envelopes â labeled for groceries, housing, phone, etc.
Prefer plastic? Hereâs our review of Mvelopes, an app that lets you digitize this method.
Good for: People who know they need help with self-control. If thereâs nothing left in one envelope toward the end of the month, thereâs no more money to spend on that category, period.
Hereâs how you draw up this budget: Your income minus your expenses (including savings) equals zero. This way, you have to justify every expense.
Good for: People who need a simple, straightforward method that accounts for every dollar. Hereâs our guide to the zero-based budget.
This debt-repayment method helps you budget when you have debt. Pay off your debts with the highest interest rates first â most likely your credit cards. Doing that can save you a lot of money over time.
Good for: People with a lot of credit card debt. Credit cards generally charge you higher interest than other lenders do. Learn more about the debt avalanche method here.
Money management guru Dave Ramsey champions the debt snowball method of debt repayment. Pay off your debts with the smallest balances first. This allows you to eliminate debts from your list faster, which can motivate you to keep going.
Good for: People who owe a lot of different kinds of debts â credit cards, student loans, etc. â and who need motivation. Hereâs how to use the debt snowball method to eliminate debt.
FROM THE DEBT FORUM
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See more in Debt or ask a money question
Step 3: Choose a Financial Institution and Accounts
You might be thinking, I already have a bank. And of course you do. If youâre like most of us, youâve had the same bank for years.
Most people donât give this a second thought. They figure itâs too inconvenient to switch. But itâs worth shopping around for a better option, because where you bank can make a real difference in how much you save.
What to Look for in a Bank Account
Does your checking account pay you interest? What are the fees like? What other perks does it offer?
Did you know the biggest U.S. banks are collecting more than $6 billion a year in overdraft and ATM fees?
Maybe itâs time to try another financial institution. Weâve found some great online bank accounts to help you avoid fees and get features you wonât find with the brick-and-mortar banks.
Hereâs one example: Thereâs a mobile baking app calledÂ Varo Money.
The FDIC reports that the average savings account pays a paltry .08% APY*, but when you open an online checking and savings account with Varo, it will pay you more than 20 times that amount on your savings account.Â
We know opening a new bank account isnât exactly everyoneâs idea of fun, but Varo makes it easy. You can open an account with just a penny, and more than 750,000 people have already signed up.
Oh, and there are no monthly fees.Â
Want more options? Hereâs our ultimate guide to help you choose the right account.
To free up more money for savings, try to spend less paying interest on your debts â especially if you have high-interest credit card debt.
These days, credit card interest rates often climb north of 20%. How can you avoid paying all that interest? Your best bet is to cut back on your expenses and pay off your balance as soon as you realistically can.
Start by using the right credit card for you, based on your situation and needs. Would you prefer a card that gives you cash back or travel incentives, a balance-transfer card, or a card thatâll help you build credit?
Also consider paying off your high-interest debt with a low-interest personal loan. Itâs easier than you might think. Go window-shopping at an online marketplace for personal loans. Here are some weâve test-driven for you:
AmOneÂ allows you to compare rates side-by-side from multiple lenders who are competing against each other for your business. Itâs best for borrowers who have good credit scores and just want to consolidate their debt.
Fiona is also a marketplace but allows you to borrow more money and borrow it for a longer period of time â if thatâs what you want to do.
Upstart tends to be helpful for recent grads, who have a young credit history and a mound of student debt. It can help you find a loan without relying on only your conventional credit score.
Step 4: Automate Your Finances
Thatâs right. Weâre deep into the 21st century, here, so make technology do the work for you.
The best ways to save include automation. Youâll save time, and time is money. Here are a few money-management steps you can take today to ensure you wonât have to think about money for more than a few minutes every month.Â
Automate Bill Pay
Most bills are paid online now, reports the Credit Union Times. But you can take it a step further. Set it up so youâll receive and pay all of your bills online through your bank. That simplifies things so youâll never miss a payment.
Hereâs how: Go to your bankâs online bill-pay feature. Enter all the companies that bill you, and the account numbers for each. Arrange to receive e-bills from whichever billers will do that.
You can also have your bank send digital payments to individuals (like a landlord).
Whatever you need done financially, thereâs an app for that. Weâve put several to the test.
Digit is an automated savings platform that calculates how much money you can save. Hereâs our review of Digit.
Long Game Savings combines online games and saving money.
Also, see whether your bank offers automatic savings transfers that will move money from your checking account to your savings account each month.
You donât have to be Warren Buffett to be an investor. You donât even have to follow the stock market, read The Wall Street Journal or watch CNBC.
You can take advantage of these apps offering easy, automatic ways to start investing â the âset it and forget itâ method. Theyâre useful for tricking your brain into saving more. Youâll do it without even realizing youâre doing it.
Stash lets you start investing with as little as $5 and for just a $1 monthly fee for balances under $5,000. Bonus: Penny Hoarders get $5 just for signing up!
Acorns connects to your checking account, credit and debit cards to save your digital change. It automatically rounds up purchases with your connected cards and invests the digital change into your chosen portfolio. Bonus: Penny Hoarders get $5 just for signing up! Read our full review of Acorns here.
Blooom is a company that offers a free âhealth check-upâ for your 401(k). Then, for only $10 a month (Penny Hoarders get the first month free!), itâll optimize and manage your retirement savings for you. See how Blooom helped one Penny Hoarder make the most of her 401(k).
You can automate your budget, too. Thereâs an app for that. Actually, weâve found several.
Charlie is a money-saving penguin who lives in your SMS text messages or Facebook Messenger (your choice, though Charlie is more fun and reliable on Messenger). He helps you save money through things like making sure youâre getting the best deals around (ahem, overpaying $24 a month on that cell phone bill?).
Mint lets you see all your accounts, cards, bills and investments in one place.
Medean for iOS ranks your finances based on how they stack up to those of people of similar age, income, location and gender. It calls itself a âhealth index for your finances,â and helps assess your situation and find ways to save money.
MoneyLion offers rewards to help you develop healthy financial habits and will literally pay you for logging onto the app. You can earn points in the rewards program by paying bills on time, connecting your bank account or downloading the mobile app.
Step 5: Establish a Budget-Conscious Lifestyle
Hereâs the harsh reality: To save more money, youâll need to spend less money. (Or make more money, but weâll get to that next.)
That doesnât mean you have to live like a monk. Nor do you have to survive on ramen noodles and the dollar menu, wear scuffed shoes and patchy clothes, or cut your own hair with hedge clippers.
You just have to be smart and strategic. Here are some of our best tips to help you spend less:
Save Money Around the House
Your home is your castle. But castles are so, like, expensive. Fortunately, there are lots of ways to save money around the house.
Your priciest purchases â like appliances and furniture â are a natural place to look for savings. Try repairing your appliances instead of replacing them. And hereâs a good list of other tricks for saving on furniture and appliances.
The cost of cooling, heating and lighting your home is massive. Try installing thermal curtains and a programmable thermostat. Or check out these creative, energy-saving ways to slash your utility bills.
Find Free Entertainment
Entertainment can cost an arm and a leg. But hey, we have to live, right? So do it for free! Next time youâre planning a night out, take advantage of one of these free date nights or group outings.
If youâre going to stay in, cut the cord. More and more people are doing this, because their cable bill has gotten so expensive.
If youâre thinking of switching to an online streaming service and youâre wondering which would be best, weâve got you covered with our comparison of Netflix, Prime Video and Hulu. We compared costs, type of content, number of available titles and more.
You also should reconsider that gym membership if youâre not really using it.
Cut Your Food Budget
Groceries are a huge part of everyoneâs budget, so theyâre a big target for savings. Next time youâre putting together your shopping list, make sure to check out our favorite tricks to save money at the grocery store:
Look for free printable coupons.
Compare your local grocery prices using this worksheet.
Ibotta pays you cash back on purchases if you take pictures of your grocery store receipts. Plus, youâll get a $10 bonus for signing up!
Scan grocery storesâ websites for deals and hit more than one store.
Not loving the supermarket? Nearly 70% of us say we spend too much on take-out or going out to eat. Hereâs how to save money at restaurants, too.
Find out If Youâre Wasting Money on Insurance
Buying insurance can be confusing and overwhelming, because there are so many options.
Hereâs how to find affordable insurance:
For Your Car: Auto Insurance
Here are the blunt facts about how to get lower car insurance premiums: Have fewer accidents, get fewer traffic tickets and boost your credit score.
Automotive experts also gave us the following tips:
Buy a used car.
Participate in your insurerâs safe-driving program.
Shop around for better rates. One easy way is The Zebra, a car insurance search engine that compares your options from more than 200 providers in less than 60 seconds. Hereâs how one guy is saving $360 this year on car insurance because of The Zebra.
For Yourself: Health Insurance
Letâs face it: Health insurance can be confusing and intimidating.
If youâre buying insurance for yourself, start with the federal health insurance marketplace at Healthcare.gov to see whether you qualify for any discounts or assistance.
Finding affordable health care coverage is a huge challenge for freelancers. Hereâs how to get covered if youâre self-employed.
For Your Family: Life Insurance
Life insurance pays your dependents a set amount of money if you die. Whether to buy it is a judgment call.
Life insurance is considered more important if youâre married or have children. You might also want a basic policy that would pay off your funeral, mortgage or other debt.
Youâll probably be asked to choose between two options: term or universal life insurance. If youâre like most of us, youâll choose term â the simplest, cheapest and most popular kind of life insurance policy.
To help you save money and navigate this complicated industry, modern companies are updating the old model:
Policygenius is an online-only platform that offers instant quotes from top carriers to help you make a quicker decision.Â Once you choose a life insurance company, you can apply right online, and a Policygenius rep will give you a quick call to ask a few follow-up questions.
Haven Life can insure you quickly based just on the health information you provide online.
Ethos can get you term life insurance in less than 10 minutes â with no medical exam â for coverage up to $1 million. Ethos offers a digital application, and customer service is available if you have questions.
Step 6: Make More Money
How can you increase your income? Itâs easier to save money if youâre bringing in more money to begin with.
Here are a couple of simple ways to make extra cash at home:
Share Your Opinion
You wonât get rich taking surveys, but if youâre just vegging out on the couch, why not click a couple buttons and earn a few bucks? Weâve tried a lot of paid survey sites, and two of the best weâve found are My PointsÂ andÂ InboxDollars.
Clear Your Closets
Sell your old stuff! Use the Decluttr app to get paid for your old DVDs, Blu-Rays, CDs, video games, gaming consoles and phones.
You can also sell nearly anything through the Letgo app. Just snap a photo of your item and set up a listing in about 30 seconds. If you have more free time, try selling items on Craigslist or eBay.
Find a Side Gig
For our best ideas to boost your bottom line, check out the following:
Unique ways to make money at home.
How to make extra money online.
How to earn passive income.
The Penny Hoarderâs continually updated page on open work-from-home jobs.
Mike Brassfield (firstname.lastname@example.org) is a senior writer at The Penny Hoarder. Heâs slowly getting better about saving money.
This was originally published on The Penny Hoarder, which helps millions of readers worldwide earn and save money by sharing unique job opportunities, personal stories, freebies and more. The Inc. 5000 ranked The Penny Hoarder as the fastest-growing private media company in the U.S. in 2017.
Did the collection agency secure a judgment against you or are they calling to collect on the debt and saying they plan to seek a judgment? You may want to consult a debt collection attorney to learn or your best recourse and whether you have a claim under FDCPA. More here:
When you think of your credit score, you may not consider how this number is calculated or how your actions play a role. Simply put, every credit score is made up of certain criteria, and each criteria can cause an increase or decrease in credit score. With credit utilization being one of the things that […]
The post Ways to Successfully Manage Your Credit Utilization Rate appeared first on Credit Absolute.
In May Citi announced that Citi Prestige cardholders would be able to use the Citi Prestige $250 travel credit at Supermarkets and Restaurants until the end of 2020. Citi has now announced that this extension of the credit has been extended for the duration of 2021.
While you can use aÂ debit card toÂ pay for almost all the things you would use a credit card for, these cards aren’t the same type of thing. AÂ debit card is tied to existingÂ money, either prepaid on the card itself or in your savings orÂ checking account. A credit card lets you make purchases on credit, and you won’t be able to do this with aÂ debit card.
Can You Use YourÂ Debit Card as Credit?
When youÂ pay at the register, you’re often asked whether you’re making aÂ debit or credit payment. This isn’t a question about whether you’re paying with existingÂ checking account funds or if you’ll be borrowing theÂ money from a credit card lender. It’s a question about how you want theÂ payment processed. And most of the time, yes, you can use yourÂ debit card as credit at check out.
What Happens When You Use aÂ Debit Card as Credit?
When make aÂ purchase and select to process yourÂ payment as credit, it’s an offlineÂ transaction. “The funds for offline transactions are deducted after the merchant settles theÂ purchase with the credit card processor and typically take 2-3 days to be reflected in your account balance,” MasterCard says.
According to MasterCard, when you use aÂ debit card and your PIN (personal identification number), theÂ transaction is completed in real time. That’s also known as an onlineÂ transactionâ you authorize theÂ purchase with your PIN, and theÂ money is immediately transferred from your bank account to the merchant. These areÂ debit card transactions.
But in reality, the difference betweenÂ debit and credit transactions have little real impact on your bottom line. There may be some differences inÂ fees paid by the retailer or processor, but thoseÂ fees are rarely passed on to the consumer directly.
Some individuals choose to use their debit cards as credit at the register to avoid having to enter their PIN. Itâs commonly believed that this creates some additional securityÂ against someone learning that number and having one more piece of information to supportÂ credit card fraud.
While you certainly want to protect your PIN, simply being aware of who is around you and keeping the keypad covered duringÂ debit transactions can help keep you secure if you do decide toÂ pay this way. It may seem like an unnecessary precaution, but you can never be too careful when it comes toÂ debit card fraud.
Can I Use MyÂ Debit Card if I Have NoÂ Money?
One thing that’s important to note is that you can’t usually use yourÂ debit card for credit. If you are short onÂ cash, your credit card still works if you have available credit on it. If there’s noÂ money in your bank account, yourÂ debit card may get declined when you attempt toÂ pay. So make sure there’sÂ cash in your bank account anytime you use yourÂ debit card.
There’s one exception to this rule. Some banks offerÂ overdraft protection. If you qualify for this protection, the bank covers your charges up to a certain amount and you simply rectify the situation later. That way, you avoid potentially embarrassing declines â for a cost inÂ overdraft fees, which can be $15 to $30 perÂ overdraft.
Can I Use MyÂ Debit Card as Credit at Walmart?
Whether or not you can choose toÂ pay as credit with aÂ debit card depends on each retailer andÂ payment system setup. Many WalmartÂ payment systems are set up to allow this, but they default to debit. When this happens, tell the cashier you want toÂ pay as credit or select the option for changingÂ payment method and choose toÂ pay as credit and sign for your purchases instead of entering your PIN.
Does Using MyÂ Debit Card Build Credit?
Paying with yourÂ debit card doesn’t really impact yourÂ credit score, regardless of theÂ payment type you select. That’s because yourÂ debit card is simply a stand-in forÂ money you actually have on hand (or in the bank). It’s not credit and doesn’t provide any type of illustration of your likelihood of making payments in a timely manner or using credit responsibly. Therefore, it won’t impact yourÂ credit history.
If you use yourÂ debit card to overdraw your bank account on a regular basis or do so and leave the negative balance long-term, it could negatively impact yourÂ credit score. Banks do report checking and savings details like this to the credit bureaus.
The Bottom Line on Debit Cards as Credit Cards
Whether you use yourÂ debit card asÂ credit or debit, the funds will still be withdrawn from yourÂ checking account. You can use yourÂ debit card to make aÂ payment processed as credit, but you can’t use yourÂ debit card for credit in most cases. And even when you can, it’s via the limited fail-safe ofÂ overdraft protection, which is not meant for regular use and can be quite expensive.
Debit cards are wonderfulÂ money-management tools that provide a lot of modern convenience. But for many people, it’s a good idea to have at least one credit card in your wallet too for those times when debit just doesn’t quite cut it. Just make sure to check yourÂ credit score, understand how credit cards workÂ and apply for the card that provides you the best perks at the lowest cost.
The post Using Debit Card as Credit appeared first on Credit.com.
Editorial Note: This content is not provided by the credit card issuer. Any opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authorâs alone, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the issuer.
Credit card companies typically offer a plethora of rewards options for their cardholders to take advantage of. But cash back has long been a favorite of many, as it gives you the chance to earn cold, hard money for making everyday purchases. If youâre confused about how cash back works, read on for a full explanation.
How Cash Back Works
At its core, cash back refers to a predetermined percentage of a purchase you make being returned to you as cash rewards. Cash back rates typically range between 1% and 5%, though there are some outliers to be mindful of. Credit card issuers will usually clearly label what types of purchases earn what level of cash back. But like anything in the credit card industry, you must read the fine print.
This is mainly because all purchases and cash back rewards are governed by merchant category codes, or MCCs. Credit card companies ultimately determine these designations, with Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Discover calling the shots. Some common codes are ârestaurant,â âdepartment store,â âairlineâ and âentertainment,â among others. So if you earn 5% bonus cash back at restaurants and you go to Burger King â which has a restaurant MCC â youâll get that 5% back.
But what these limiting MCCs sometimes donât take into account are businesses that could fit into more than one category. Included in this group are hotels, superstores like Walmart, tourist attractions like museums and other multi-faceted establishments. In turn, you could lose out on cash back if youâre confused about which category a purchase you made falls into.
As an example, letâs say your family orders room service while on vacation in The Bahamas. You pay with your credit card thinking youâll get the advertised 3% cash back on dining. When your credit card statement comes in the mail, however, youâve only received the base 1% earnings. This is because the MCC of your hotel is just that, a hotel, which leaves your credit card issuer blind to what you really bought.
Unfortunately situations like these often offer very little recourse, as your cardâs issuer has no ability to change these codes. In fact, only the major credit companies can change their own code selections.
New cardholders will often receive cash back promotions and bonuses. These offers can either be recurring â monthly, quarterly, yearly, etc. â or simply for just one period of time, usually at the beginning of your accountâs life. Hypothetically, a recurring bonus might look like this: âEarn 3% cash back at supermarkets and wholesale clubs, up to $1,500 in purchases each quarter.â On the other hand, a one-time promotion might allow for 5% cash back on airfare purchases made during the first three months youâre a cardholder.
Depending on your card, cash back may be capped or it could expire after a period of time. While some cards feature both an earnings limit and expiration dates, others may have no restrictions. All cash back cards have their own, unique system surrounding them. So itâs important to refer to your documentation whenever you have a particular question.
Using Your Cash Back Earnings
The vast majority of cash back credit cards offer variations of the same choices for redeeming rewards. Most often, youâll see statement credits, checks, bank account deposits, gift cards and charitable donations available to you.
Statement credit â Instead of receiving your cash back in-hand, you can apply it to your upcoming monthly bill, saving you money in the process.
Check â As one of the more direct ways of redeeming cash back, checks allow you to basically do whatever you want with its value.
Bank deposits â Eligible accounts usually include checking accounts, savings accounts or investment accounts.
Gift cards â With this option, you can convert cash back into retail credit at a store or website at which you want to shop.
Donations â Many card issuers have open relations with charities. These partnerships open the door for you to aid your favorite causes with real money.
Itâs by far the easiest to redeem cash back through your card issuerâs website that it provides. Here youâll not only see your rewards status, you will also know every possible redemption you could make. If youâd rather talk to a real person, most companies still have rewards phone lines you can call, as well.
Those whoâd rather not have to worry about where their rewards currently stand will find that a redemption threshold might be helpful. Not all cards offer this feature. But if yours does, set a threshold at which your cash back is automatically redeemed in any manner you desire. Additionally, some cards require you to attain a certain amount of cash back before redeeming is possible.
Cash Back With Each Major Credit Card Company
There are tons of different cash back cards, depending on your credit score you may be eligible for some but not others. While itâs impossible to give universal specifics for each credit card company, below weâve provided overviews of some of the most popular cash back cards.
Citi Double Cash Card(Mastercard)
Cash Back Rate: 1% at the time of purchase, 1% when you pay them off
Limit or Expiration: No limit; Expires if no eligible purchases are made for 12 months
Redemption Options: As a check, statement credit or gift card
The âdouble cashâ nature of the Citi Double Cash Card means you effectively earn cash back twice: first when you make the initial purchase and again when you pay your credit card bill. The 12-month expiration is fairly standard and the lack of limits on how much cash back you can earn is generous. Statement credits, checks and gift cards are three of the most common redemption choices, so itâs no surprise to see them offered here.
Bank of AmericaÂ® Cash Rewards credit card (Mastercard)
Cash Back Rate: 3% in the category of your choice, 2% on purchases at grocery stores and wholesale clubs, 1% on other purchases
Limit or Expiration: Cash back on choice category, grocery stores and wholesale club purchases is limited on up to $2,500 in combined purchases each quarter; No expiration dates
Redemption Options: Once you have $25 or more, you can redeem as a statement credit, a check or a deposit to an eligible Bank of AmericaÂ® or Merrill LynchÂ® account
Take note of the combined $2,500 quarterly limit on 3% and 2% cash back in category of choice and at grocery stores and wholesale clubs, respectively. The Bank of AmericaÂ® Cash Rewards credit card also requires cardholders to have a minimum of $25 in earned cash back before they can redeem.
Blue Cash Everyday American Express Card (American Express)
Cash Back Rate: 3% on U.S. supermarket purchases, 2% on U.S. gas stations and select U.S. department store purchases, 1% on other purchases
Limit or Expiration:3% rate at U.S. supermarkets is limited to $6,000 a year in purchases then drops to 1%; No expiration dates
Redemption Options: After earning at least $25, redeem as a statement credit in $25 increments; Gift cards and merchandise redemptions from time to time
Amex offers some of the strongest rewards cards around, and the Blue Cash Everyday American Express Card is no exception. It does come with some limits; namely the 3% cash back rate on U.S. grocery store purchases is capped at $6,000 in purchases a year. At that time, cardholders earn 1% in cash back on groceries.
Discover itÂ® Card (Discover)
Cash Back Rate: 5% in rotating categories like gas station, supermarket, restaurant, Amazon.com and wholesale club purchases, 1% on other purchases; Full cash back match at the end of your first year
Limit or Expiration: $1,500 cap on purchases that earn the 5% rate each quarter; No expiration dates
Redemption Options: Statement credits, deposits to a bank account, gift cards and eCertificates, pay with cash back at select merchants and charitable donations
Discover cards offer great first-year cash back matches and distinctive cash back categories. These traits are on full display with the Discover itÂ® Card. This includes 5% cash back on purchases ranging from dining to Amazon.com. However, there are limits for this rate and you have to opt in to categories each quarter to qualify. This card also offers five redemption options â the most on this list.
Tips to Maximize Cash Back Potential and Minimize Credit Risk
Cash back is one of the most prolific perks that the modern credit card market has to offer. But itâs important that you donât overspend outside of your means just for the sake of rewards. Because many cash back cards come with higher annual percentage rates (APRs), this could force you into large, unsustainable interest payments.
Whenever possible, swipe your card for purchases in bonus categories. Not all cards have these to offer, but most do. So make sure you know which cards in your wallet offer bonuses at places like gas stations and supermarkets.
Know what types of redemptions â statement credits, bank account deposits, gift cards etc. â work best for you. This will drastically narrow down your card options, making the decision process much simpler.
Editorial Note: This content is not provided by the credit card issuer. Any opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authorâs alone, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the issuer.
Advertiser Disclosure: The card offers that appear on this site are from companies from which SmartAsset.com receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). SmartAsset.com does not include all card companies or all card offers available in the marketplace.
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Picture newlywed and honeymoon-bound George Bailey walking into the Bailey Building and Loan with his picture-perfect wife Mary, hard-earned $2,000 in hand. Now see him lending his friends and neighbors all of those dollars to keep the good old Bailey Building and Loan afloat when there was a run on the bank.
Fortunately, George and Mary had a community of loving neighbors to help them out of a financial crisis. If they needed help today, however, theyâd soon realize that modern financial institutions no longer see you as a human with feelings and needs. Instead, you are really just a number to them â an easily packaged number known as yourÂ credit score.
If you want a wonderful life but find your credit score not properly representing your current financial reliability, there are some credit impacting tools you should know about: Experian BoostÂ and UltraFICO. In this article, we are going to discuss their similarities and differences, as well as help you understand which is best for you.
Credit building is hard. Whether you are doing it for the first time or you are rebuilding, itâs still a struggle.
âLuckily,” says Ivan Chong, Founder of Lazy Finances, “new methods are being introduced such as Experian Boost which gives you credit for paying your utility bills and UltraFICOÂ which looks at your bank account transactions and balances. These both give positive boosts to people with no credit or bad credit, enabling them to start building their credit responsibly.”
Helps with borderline credit
Both of these products are aimed at these two groups: consumers with subprime scores and consumers without enough credit to be scored. They are especially helpful to borderline credit consumers in the 500s and 600s. Experian Boost is a way to boost your credit score and UltraFico is a new scoring model. Despite their differences, they are both helpful tools that consumers with thin credit files should look into.
Another similarity is that theyâre both free. Consumers will have the opportunity to opt-in to each program, for free. We are talking a free boost to your score.
Incentivizes responsible credit behavior
Both products aim to help fringe consumers. They take into account responsible bill payments, as well as spending and saving behaviors. It’s about time someone incentivizes good behavior that shows you are more than just a number. You just have to sign up to get extra credit.
Experian Boost and UltraFICO should be helpful to the fringe customers, but they are clearly not the same thing. Most notably, they differ in their application and usage.
The first difference between Experian Boost and Ultra Fico is in their application. One is a boost to your existing FICO score and the other is a separate brand new scoring model, administered by Experian.
Experian Boost is an opt-in program from this top CRA that can use on-time utility and telecom payments, as saved and reported in your existing online banking account, to boost your existing score. Signup is free, and it only takes about five minutes. It’s really an opportunity for people with borderline scores to become scorable or have an increase to the next bracket. Seventy-five percent of consumers with scores of less than 680 saw an improvement. Additionally, 10% of unscorable or thin-file customers established enough data points to become scorable. FICO has lots of scoring models. However, in some cases, they tend to overlook fiscally responsible consumers without much credit history.
UltraFICO is an opt-in scoring model that uses bank transaction data, in partnership with FICO, Finicity and Experian, from a checking account, savings account, or money-market account to your advantage. It uses data that isn’t normally reported to CRAs to give an opportunity to have a better score. It considers higher average account age, consistent account use, positive consistent cash on hand balances, without overdrafts, evidence of savings and regular, timely and non-debt bill payments. In a study, 70% of people with $400+ in savings and zero overdrafts for three months saw an improvement.
Another difference between these two programs is their accessibility. While both aim to help fringe customers get better access to credit and require consumers to verify their bank account data, they aren’t accessed in the same way.
Experian Boost is live and available for signup online. Users will be able to verify which payments get counted in the Boost process and which don’t. You have to sign up for Experian membership, but it’s free and not just a free trial. No credit card is needed.
UltraFICO is newer. It is currently in a limited pilot program phase. Lenders may soon offer consumers the option to opt-in to the scoring model as a part of their account access. This score comes into play if your FICO score gets denied. In that event, you can ask the financial institution where you are applying for your UltraFico score to be pulled. This score, according to your extra information that has been added, allows you to score higher and get easier access to credit.
Significantly, both of these products aim to help out the same customer group. While Experian Boost can give you a real-time boost to your FICO score, UltraFICO can be your second in a duel for a new loan. Itâs got your back, just in case your standard FICO score pulled during an application process isn’t quite up to snuff. You can ask that your UF score be pulled, as long as you have opted-in.
Which one is right for me?
Clearly, Experian Boost and UltraFICO are both meant for consumers with less-than-ideal credit. However, they are different products with different applications. In some ways, the differences can limit how effective they can be and which is in your best interest. To help understand which is best to help you build a wonderful life, here are a few things to think about:
First, what’s your credit score?
Experian Boost is best for anybody on the fringe who has automatically recurring payments coming out of their bank accounts to phone companies or utility companies. Since these are the factors that the program is looking for, you might want to start setting up recurring payments and then sign up.
UltraFICO is best for people with a history of consistent savings or cash-on-hand in their bank accounts of $400, going back several months. If you don’t have that, or you have a history of overdrafts on your account, this may not help you at all. It is more geared towards the fiscally responsible consumer who manages money wisely, but for lack of need or availability, hasn’t got fully established credit within the last six months.
And while it may not contribute to the angel population, every time an autopay alert rings, your credit could be on the upswing.
Anne-Marie Hays is interested in personal finance, for her own benefit and for helping others. She loves reading, traveling, and watching The Office. She writes for BestCompany.com, where she manages loan and personal finance content.Â
The post Experian Boost vs. UltraFICO: Which is Best for You? appeared first on Credit.com.
Whether youâre working on repairing your credit or simply want to find out where yours stands, there are plenty of websites available that claim to offer free credit scores. Credit Karma offers its members free…
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